What is Diabetes?
Diabetes occurs when the amount of blood sugar or glucose in your body rises.
Blood glucose is your body’s main source of energy and comes from the food you eat. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas. This gives energy to glucose from food to enter your cells.
Sometimes your body can’t make enough insulin and can’t use it. So glucose stays in your body’s blood that doesn’t reach the cells.
Over time, your blood glucose levels rise which can lead to health problems. Excess glucose levels are a major cause of diabetes.
Each case of diabetes can be serious. There is no cure for diabetes but if you are careful enough you can avoid diabetes.
What are the different types of diabetes?
There are three main types of diabetes. Type 1,
Type 2, and
Type 1 diabetes: –
If you have type 1 diabetes, your body cannot make insulin properly. Your immune system makes insulin in the pancreas and attacks and destroys the cells.
People with type 1 diabetes have to take insulin every day to survive.
Type 1 diabetes is more common in younger people.
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes include excessive urination (polyuria), constant thirst (polydipsia), constant hunger, weight loss, and changes in vision.
Type 2 diabetes: –
If you have type 2 diabetes, your body cannot make insulin properly. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes can occur at any age. But type 2 diabetes is more common in middle-aged and older people.
Type 2 diabetes affects people who are overweight and inactive.
The symptoms of type 2 diabetes are like the symptoms of type 1 diabetes but the symptoms of type 2 diabetes are not immediately recognizable.
As a result, treatment is usually good after many years of illness.
Gestational diabetes :-
Gestational diabetes is hyperglycemia with the amount of sugar is higher than the average glucose but less than that of diabetes.
Gestational diabetes affects women during pregnancy. Women with gestational diabetes are more likely to have complications during pregnancy and during delivery.
This woman and her baby have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future.
Overview of diabetes
In 2014, 8.5% of people over the age of 18 had diabetes. In 2019, 1.5 million people died due to diabetes. Thus diabetes is becoming a serious disease in the world today.
In 2012, the highest number of deaths due to diabetes was 2.2 million.
From 2010 to 2016, there was an increase in the number of deaths due to diabetes. According to a report, more people die due to diabetes in developing countries.
How common is diabetes?
As of 2015, 30.3 million people in the United States, or 9.4%, had diabetes. About 60% of them did not know they had diabetes.
People over the age of 50 have a higher incidence of diabetes. These people have a higher incidence of type 2 diabetes.
If you are over 50, overweight, or have a family member with diabetes, you have an increased risk of developing diabetes.
Women who have diabetes while pregnant have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future.
What health problems can people with diabetes develop?
Over time, diabetes can lead to many illnesses.
Key facts of diabetes?
The number of people with diabetes increased from 108 million in 1980 to 422 million in 2014. The prevalence of diabetes is higher in middle-income and low-income countries than in high-income countries.
Diabetes causes blindness, kidney failure, heart attack, Dental disease, and stroke.
From 2010 to 2016, the highest numbers of people deaths were due to diabetes.
A healthy diet, regular physical activity, a normal body weight, and not smoking alcohol or cigarette can help prevent diabetes.
Health impact of diabetes?
Older people are two to three times more likely to have a heart attack and stroke if they have diabetes.
Diabetes causes reduced blood flow, damage to the nervous system, increased risk of foot ulcers, infectious diseases, and increased risk of amputation.
Diabetes increases the risk of blindness. Diabetes is a common disease in the world for people who are blind.
Diabetes has the highest risk of kidney damage.
Prevention of diabetes?
The main way to prevent diabetes is to exercise regularly and eat a good diet.
Maintaining your body weight
Exercise, walk or swim for at least 30 minutes a day.
Avoid tobacco, cigarettes, and alcohol – all three items increase the risk of diabetes and vascular disease.
Diagnosis and treatment of diabetes?
The early diagnosis of diabetes is to reduce the amount of sugar in the diet.
Treatment of diabetes involves lowering blood glucose levels. As well as reducing the levels of other dangerous factors in the body.
People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes should control their blood sugar. For this, they should take regular insulin and meditations.
Blood pressure control; and
Proper foot care (for this, wash your feet regularly, wear proper shoes, get your feet examined by a doctor on time)
WHO response to diabetes?
The main purpose of the WHO is to help low- and middle-income countries to complicate, prevent, and control diabetes.
Develops norms and standards for diabetes diagnosis and care
Builds awareness on the global epidemic of diabetes, marking World Diabetes Day (14 November).